Leetcode 701. Insert into a Binary Search Tree

[medium]

You are given the `root` node of a binary search tree (BST) and a `value` to insert into the tree. Return the root node of the BST after the insertion. It is guaranteed that the new value does not exist in the original BST.

Notice that there may exist multiple valid ways for the insertion, as long as the tree remains a BST after insertion. You can return any of them.

Example 1:

`Input: root = [4,2,7,1,3], val = 5Output: [4,2,7,1,3,5]Explanation: Another accepted tree is:`

Example 2:

`Input: root = [40,20,60,10,30,50,70], val = 25Output: [40,20,60,10,30,50,70,null,null,25]`

Example 3:

`Input: root = [4,2,7,1,3,null,null,null,null,null,null], val = 5Output: [4,2,7,1,3,5]`

Constraints:

• The number of nodes in the tree will be in the range `[0, 104]`.
• `-108 <= Node.val <= 108`
• All the values `Node.val` are unique.
• `-108 <= val <= 108`
• It’s guaranteed that `val` does not exist in the original BST.

[Think]

1. it’s a BST, if the value large than current node -> right side of tree; smaller than current node -> left side of tree
2. create a current node to be a pointer, and return the root at the end of the answer

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CS new grad, 6 years experience related to supply chain management. Located in Bay area